In Portugal, you have the option to directly apply for a D2 Visa/Residence Permit, unlike the D7 Visa which requires a prior Visa from the Portuguese Consulate. This means you don’t need a special-purpose residence Visa from the Portuguese Consulate in your country/area of residence. The average processing time for the application is approximately 60 days.
Once you have obtained the D2 Visa, you are allowed to stay in Portugal for up to 4 months. During this period, it is necessary to schedule an appointment with SEF (Serviço de Estrangeiros e Fronteiras) to obtain a valid Portuguese residency.
The D2 Visa is open to the following individuals:
- Entrepreneurs who wish to establish a business in Portugal.
- Entrepreneurs who already have a business in their home country and intend to open a branch in Portugal.
- Self-employed individuals, including independent professionals and liberal professionals, who have a work contract or a written work proposal in Portugal. Freelancers and digital nomads can also apply if they can demonstrate that they offer unique and valuable services in the country.
Qualification Requirements for the Portugal D2 Visa
To successfully obtain the D2 Visa, certain criteria must be met, and supporting documents must be provided. The evaluators assess the potential contribution of the company and consider the following elements:
Declaration of Investment:
- A declaration stating that you have made or intend to make an investment in Portugal, specifying its nature, value, and duration.
- The application will be evaluated based on the economic, social, scientific, technological, or cultural relevance of the investment. The creation of jobs in Portugal is also given significant weight.
- A well-structured business plan that demonstrates the social, economic, and cultural impact of your business.
- The plan should showcase the potential for growth and contribute to the overall economic development.
Personal Financial Means:
- Evidence of having sufficient financial means to support yourself for one year, regardless of your business income.
- As the main applicant, you must have 100% of the minimum annual salary, which is €9,870.
- If you have a spouse, an additional 50% of this value (€4,935) is required. For each dependent child, an extra 30% (€2,962) should be added.
- For example, a couple with one child would need approximately €17,767 per year to meet the financial requirement for the D2 Visa.
- Comprehensive health insurance coverage that is valid across the European Union (EU) is mandatory for you and any dependent applicants.
- Once you receive your residence card, you will gain access to the Public Healthcare System.
- Non-EU citizens applying for the D2 Visa are legally obligated to appoint a Tax Representative in Portugal.
- Alternatively, you can choose to receive notifications from the Portuguese Tax Authority through the tax authority portal (Portal das Finanças) or an official electronic mailbox (e.g., Via CTT).
- Provide evidence of your financial capacity to sustain your company and ensure its viability during your intended stay in Portugal.
- The share capital represents the initial investment required for the company to function, even if it is not generating profits.
- Small companies in Portugal typically have an average social capital of €5,000, which serves as a reference value for your application.
- Liberal professionals must submit a written contract or proposal outlining the services they intend to provide.
By meeting these qualification requirements and submitting the necessary documentation, you can enhance your chances of obtaining the Portugal D2 Visa.
Advantages of the D2 Visa
Business and Professional Opportunities:
- The D2 Visa grants you the right to establish a business or work as an independent professional in Portugal while residing in the country.
- This opens up opportunities to pursue entrepreneurial endeavors or practice your profession in a thriving European market.
Schengen Area Travel:
- Enjoy free entry and unrestricted movement within the Schengen Area, which consists of 26 European countries, without needing an additional Visa.
- As a D2 Visa holder, you benefit from the same travel privileges as European Union citizens.
- This is particularly beneficial for entrepreneurs who wish to travel across Europe, network, and establish corporate connections.
- The D2 Visa allows for family reunification in Portugal.
- Your family members, including partners, children, parents, or dependent siblings, can join you and live in the country.
Non-Habitual Resident (NHR) Tax Regime:
- You have the option to apply for Portugal’s Non-Habitual Resident tax regime.
- This regime is available to individuals who have the right to reside in Portugal (EU/EEA/Swiss citizens or residence permit holders) and have not been tax residents of the country in the previous five years.
Path to Permanent Residence or Citizenship:
- After five years of being a legal permanent resident in Portugal, you may be eligible to apply for permanent citizenship.
- Please note that obtaining citizenship usually requires passing a basic Portuguese language test.
Portuguese Residency Benefits:
- As a resident of Portugal, you and your family have access to the country’s Public Healthcare System.
- Your children are entitled to receive education through the Public Education System.
Renewal of the D2 Visa
- The D2 Visa allows you to obtain a Portuguese Residence Permit, which enables you to live and work in Portugal for one year.
- The permit can be renewed every two years, provided that you can demonstrate the continuity of your professional activities.
- After five years of legally authorized residence, you have the option to apply for Portuguese nationality.
Minimum Stay Requirements
- To maintain your residency in Portugal, you are required to spend a minimum of four months in the country during the first year.
- Additionally, during each subsequent three-year period, you must spend at least six months per year in Portugal.